Help us help other mothers by providing a milk sample.

  • Vortioxetine                            (Trintellix)
  • Sitagliptin                                (Januvia)
  • Dicloxacillin                            (Diclocil, Dynapen)
  • Lisinopril                                (Carace, Lisoril, Prinil, Zestril)
  • Warfarin                                  (Coumadin, Marevan)
  • Rivaroxiban                             (Xarelto)
  • Apixaban                                 (Eliquis)
  • Varneclin                                 (Chantix)
  • Cyclobenzaprine                     (Flexeril, Cycoflex)
  • Saxagliptin                               (Onglyza)

My research team is looking for breastfeeding mothers (1-6 months postpartum) taking one of these medications.

If you would like to provide some breastmilk samples for one of these studies it would certainly help us advise other mothers about their safety and levels in breastmilk.

We’ll ship you a shipping carton with instructions, and milk containers.  Send it back to us frozen, at our expense.

Help us help other mothers!

Tom Hale R.Ph., Ph.D.

Contraceptive Implant

Nexplanon has become a very popular contraceptive method in recent years because it lasts for 3 years and you do not have to take a pill every day. While the idea of an implant under the skin is daunting, many still prefer it over IUD insertion or taking oral contraceptive pills every day.

IUD Diagram

When looking at the research for IUD insertion, we first must ask “what type of IUD are you interested in?”. Copper IUDs (ParaGuard), do not release any hormones and thus do not affect breast milk production. The copper IUDs last for 10-12 years depending on your age and are made of a polyethylene frame with fine copper wire wrapped around it.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Journal

Legalization of recreational cannabis use in several states has caused growing unease in the medical community regarding the health risks associated with this drug, especially in pregnant and breastfeeding women. Although cannabis is one of the most widely used phytocannabinoid drugs in the world, understanding of the long-term neurobehavioral effect of cannabis use, particularly in the...

A large European study below, further supports our suggestions for some years that the use of antidepressants during pregnancy does not harm the infant’s intellectual capacity later on.

Kratom Leaves

Kratom was on the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency’s (DEA) list of drugs of concern since 20051 and was almost reclassified as a Schedule I drug in 2016.

Seafood Platter

The benefits of fish and shellfish, collectively termed “seafood” as part of a balanced, healthy diet have been described. Seafood is low in saturated fat and a good source of high-quality protein and micronutrients including vitamin B12, vitamin D, calcium, iron, and zinc.

Smiling Mom Breastfeeding

Lead is an environmental pollutant that serves no useful purpose in the body and tends to accumulate in the body's bony structures based on their exposure. Some studies show that the half-life of lead in bone is approximately 27 years.  Thus you may never get rid of all the lead you have absorbed during your life without chelation therapy.

Pregnant Woman Laying Down

At present there is enormous concern about the birth defects believed associated with infections for an old virus called Zika during pregnancy.

Information concerning the Zika Virus and its implication in microcephaly has been reported in many countries,  including the USA.

Provider Referral Card

Supporting Mothers and Health Care Providers

Each year, more than 4.3 million women give birth in the U.S. Virtually all of these women will use at least one medication during pregnancy or during breastfeeding.

The InfantRisk Center is dedicated to providing up-to-date evidence-based information on the use of medications during pregnancy and breastfeeding. By educating both the public and health care professionals regarding the risks of exposure to specific medications for mothers and babies, the center aims to reduce the number of birth defects and dangerous exposures in breastfeeding as well as create healthy breastfeeding relationships.

The InfantRisk Center provides resources such as the hotline, MommyMeds mobile app for consumers, InfantRisk Center mobile app for health care professionals and to make accessing safety information simple. The MommyMeds app and website are meant to provide information backed by Hale’s extensive research in an easy-to-read, concise format—perfect for the average mom facing difficult questions about medication use.

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About the InfantRisk Center Team

Dr. Thomas Hale

Thomas Hale, Ph.D., R.Ph., is a professor of pediatrics and associate dean of research at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center and acting executive director of the InfantRisk Center.

Hale is considered one of the foremost expert in the field of perinatal pharmacology and the use of medications by pregnant and breastfeeding mothers.

The vision of the InfantRisk Center is to create a new body of drug information concerning the safety of medications and their use during pregnancy and lactation. Additionally, the center will expand, enhance and disseminate knowledge regarding the use of medications and other environmental chemicals by pregnant and breastfeeding women worldwide.

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