• 10.22.2014   
    Head lice or Pediculus humanus capitis, attack as many as 12 million children every year. Lice are spread by direct contact with infested hair. Sharing combs, brushes, beds, and hats may also contribute to the spread of these parasites. Lice...
  • 10.02.2014   
    Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless gas and the most abundant air pollutant in the lower atmosphere. Fossil fuels, wood, plants, and tobacco all release CO to various degrees when burned. While CO concentrations in residential areas are...
  • 10.02.2014   
    Celiac disease is an autoimmune enteropathy triggered by components of the gluten protein found in many cereal grains. Also known as “non-tropical sprue” and “gluten-sensitive enteropathy,” this condition afflicts about 1% of...
  • 09.22.2014   
    Breastfeeding is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics as the exclusive source of nutrition for feeding young infants for the first six months of life. Data suggest that not only are there psychological benefits from its use, but...
  • 09.19.2014   
    Clinical depression is more than just sadness. Although there are clear patterns, the symptoms can be very different from person to person. The most common symptom is called “anhedonia,” or no longer taking pleasure in fun activities....
09.22.2014   

Breastfeeding is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics as the exclusive source of nutrition for feeding young infants for the first six months of life. Data suggest that not only are...

09.19.2014   

Clinical depression is more than just sadness. Although there are clear patterns, the symptoms can be very different from person to person. The most common symptom is called “anhedonia,...

09.09.2014   

“Everything in moderation, including moderation.” – Oscar Wilde

 
The evolution of the human brain is a relatively recent occurrence in the world....
10.22.2014   

Head lice or Pediculus humanus capitis, attack as many as 12 million children every year. Lice are spread by direct contact with infested hair. Sharing combs, brushes, beds, and hats may...

10.02.2014   

Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless gas and the most abundant air pollutant in the lower atmosphere. Fossil fuels, wood, plants, and...

10.02.2014   

Celiac disease is an autoimmune enteropathy triggered by components of the gluten protein found in many cereal grains. Also known as “non-tropical sprue” and “gluten-sensitive...

09.18.2014   

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella term encompassing ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. These two syndromes of chronic inflammation commonly affect women of childbearing...

09.12.2014   

This section covers OTC drugs used for stomach and bowel complaints.

A typical pharmacy has shelf after shelf of medicines that can be sold without a doctor’s prescription. These are...

09.12.2014   

This section covers OTC drugs used for pain relief, cough and cold, allergies, and sleep aids....

09.12.2014   

This section covers OTC drugs used for acne.

A typical pharmacy has shelf after shelf of medicines that can be sold without a doctor’s prescription. These are called over-the-counter...

09.11.2014   

Adult acne during pregnancy and breastfeeding is a common problem. Under these circumstances, the adrenal glands secrete higher levels of androgen hormones that cause the sebaceous glands in the...

09.11.2014   

While the consumption of alcohol is well known by the medical community as a potential hazard to a fetus, alcohol use during lactation is commonly a gray area for breastfeeding mothers. This...

09.04.2014   

Caffeine is the most commonly consumed drug in the world. It occurs naturally in many plants and is chemically added to a wide variety of products. Most coffees, sodas, teas, and chocolates, as...

07.22.2014   

Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inherited metabolic disorder in which an affected person is less able to process the amino acid phenylalanine. Abnormally high levels of phenylalanine in the blood and...

07.22.2014   

With respect to milk supply in women taking methylergonovine, we have found that a single post-partum dose will suppress prolactin levels, but doesn't seem to have much of a noticeable effect...

07.15.2014   

G6PD deficiency is a metabolic disorder in which an enzyme in red blood cells, Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase, does not work as well as it should. This deficiency makes the blood begin break...

07.10.2014   

Neonatal hypoglycemia (low blood sugar in a new baby) is a common problem in hospital nurseries. Some infants can have low blood sugar and show no symptoms, others become jittery and may feed...

09.20.2013   

     A recent study explored the relationship between maternal colonization (bacteria on the mother’s skin surface) with...

07.26.2013   

 

Recently, there has been a dramatic rise in the abuse of substances called "Bath Salts" in the USA.  "Bath Salts" is an informal name for a new generation of...

11.27.2012   

 

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. In 1990, the incidence of breast cancer was 5–7 per 100 women in developed countries in patients less than...

11.26.2012   

Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by recurring symptoms of reversible airflow obstruction and...

11.15.2012   

 

Human milk is a complex biological fluid, which satisfies the nutritional...

11.13.2012   

 

Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder, which causes...

11.13.2012   

 

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects...

11.12.2012   

 

Probiotic are live microorganisms that are beneficial to the host. According to the definition by World Health Organization, probiotics are: "Live...

11.05.2012   

Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects systemic glucose metabolism. With type 2 diabetes, one’s...

10.15.2012   

 

Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear space, behind the eardrum (tympanic membrane). It is...

10.15.2012   

 

Cancer is the leading cause of death among U.S children between infancy and 15 years of age. Approximately 11,210 new cases of pediatric cancer were diagnosed in children 0–14...

10.10.2012   

 

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexplained death of a seemingly healthy baby, usually during sleep. It is also called as crib death.It is the leading cause of post...

09.20.2012   

 

Ovarian canceris a malignant growth arising from the ovary.   In the US almost 20,000 cases of ovarian cancer were reported in 2006.  ...

09.18.2012   

     Current studies indicate that approximately 4% of women in the USA use illicit drugs while pregnant. Seventy five percent of these cases report the use of marijuana...

09.18.2012   

A recent study has suggested that a history of not being breastfed may be associated with a higher risk of subsequent major depression in adulthood.In this study of 52...

09.10.2012   

 

Pyloric stenosis (PS), also known as infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, is caused by hypertrophy of smooth...

07.13.2012   

In 2003, a report was published which reviewed the poisoning of newborns by the inadvertent use of intramuscular or oral methylergonovine (at adult doses) directly in infants. Thirty-four...

07.05.2011   

Anaphylaxis is a severe, systemic allergic reaction that can be potentially life threatening. A massive release of histamine from the tissues causes a drop in blood pressure, narrowing of the...

03.17.2011   

Potassium iodide was approved by the Food and Drug Administration(FDA) in 1982 for thyroid protection from radioactive iodine accidents.  Of the many radioactive elements...

07.09.2010   

There has recently been a lot of discussion in the news about the potential hazards of taking antidepressants while pregnant. Some researchers are concerned that they increase the risk of birth...

07.09.2010   

There is a movement afoot in childbirth education and perinatal health urging mothers to avoid nighttime breastfeeding to decrease their risk for postpartum depression. We know that if mothers...
06.23.2010   

Initiation of breastfeeding as early as possible is beneficial for the mother and the child, (short-term and long-term); this view is now commonly accepted and commonly practiced. Skin-to-skin...

06.23.2010   

Infants who are not breastfeeding are particularly vulnerable to infection and hospitalization for severe respiratory illness. Women who deliver should be encouraged to initiate breastfeeding...

06.15.2010   

Although it is currently thought that nipple piercing for the most part does not affect milk supply in a breastfeeding woman, there are case reports that show that trauma caused by nipple...

04.07.2010   

Excessive daytime sleepiness is a cardinal sign of narcolepsy. While there are various well-studied drugs for treatment of narcolepsy, little is known in regards to treatment for...
03.08.2010   

Mechanisms of Drug Entry into Human Milk

The amount of drug excreted into milk depends on a number of kinetic factors:

1) the lipid solubility of the drug,

2) the molecular...